Rhizomes present. Cauline stems terete, often rusty spotted, 6–110 cm; nodal glands absent. Turions absent. Leaves both submersed and floating or floating absent, ± spirally arranged. Submersed leaves petiolate, lax; stipules persistent, conspicuous, convolute, free from blade, light brown, not ligulate, 1.5–11.7 cm, not fibrous, not shredding at tip, apex acute; petioles terete, 0.9–11.5 cm; blade light to dark green, ovate to oblanceolate, distinctly arcuate, 5–12.5 cm × 15–58 mm, base rounded to acute, without basal lobes, not clasping, margins entire, crispate, apex not hoodlike, acute to round-apiculate, lacunae absent; veins 19–49. Floating leaves: petioles continuous in color to apex, 2.3–22.6 cm; blade adaxially light green, lanceolate to round elliptic, 4.3–9.2 cm × 25–38 mcm, base rounded to cordate, apex acute to rounded; veins 27–49. Inflorescences unbranched, emersed; peduncles not dimorphic, terminal or axillary, erect, cylindric, 4.5–22.3 cm; spikes not dimorphic, cylindric, 34–65 mm. Fruits sessile, reddish brown, obovoid, turgid, abaxially keeled, laterally ridged, 5–6.7 × 4.5–5.2 mm, lateral ridges without points; beak erect, 0.5–0.8 mm; sides without basal tubercles; embryo with full spiral.